The purpose of this study was to define and to describe the semantic components of the stimulus word humour in the linguistic consciousness of young Russian-speaking people from Eastern Ukraine. The main method of the research was a psycholinguistic experiment. The sample comprised 400 young people (aged 20-31), males and females being equally represented. The experiment proved that the concept humour in the linguistic consciousness of the Russian-speaking population of Ukraine is represented by four core semantic clusters: “laughter,” “joke,” “merry-making/joy” and “show.” Analysis of female and male associative fields shows that the semantic core of the word humour does not depend on the respondents’ gender identification. The results of frequency and cluster analysis have implied a number of the following conclusions. Firstly, humour and laughter form an inseparable unity of stimulus and reaction in the linguistic consciousness of respondents, although the psychological paradigm considers humour and laughter as two independent phenomena. Secondly, the cognitive component of humour was only reflected in the peripheral cluster “mind” of respondents’ associations. Thirdly, young Russian-speaking people from Ukraine do not have an ideal image of humour represented by a certain comedy show or relevant to any specific comedians. The generalised visualisation of humour is represented by reactions of the extreme periphery. Finally, comparative analysis of the verbalised concept humour in the linguistic consciousness of Russian-speaking population of Ukraine and people who live in Russia did not reveal any national-specific features in the perception of stimulus humour.
Barnett, L. (1990). ‘Playfulness: definition, design, and measurement’. Play and Culture 3, pp. 319–336.
Barnett, L. (2007). ‘The nature of playfulness in young adults’. Personality and Individual Differences 43, pp. 949−958.
Bowman, J. (1987). Making work play. In G. A. Fine (Ed.), Meaningful play, playful meanings (pp. 61-71). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.
Bundy, A. (1996). Play and playfulness: what to look for. In D.L. Parham & L. S. Fazio (Eds.), Play in occupational therapy for children (pp. 52−66). St. Louis, MO: Mosby.
Chapman, J. (1978). ‘Playfulness and the development of divergent thinking abilities’. Child: Care, Health and Development 4, pp. 371−383.
Csikszentmihalyi, M. (1975). ‘Play and intrinsic rewards’. Journal of Humanistic Psychology 15, pp. 41−63.
Glynn, M. & Webster, J. (1992). ‘The adult playfulness scale: an initial assessment’. Psychological Reports 71 (1), pp. 83−103.
Gordienko-Mytrofanova, I. V. (2014a). ‘Leksikograficheskoie znacheniie slova ‘igrivost’ (podgotovitelnyi etap psikholingvisticheskogo eksperimenta) [The lexicographic meaning of the word “playfulness” (preparatory stage of a psycholinguistic experiment)]’. Psykholohichni perspektyvy [Psychological perspectives] 24, pp. 76−88 [in Russian].
Gordienko-Mytrofanova, I. V. (2014b). ‘Psikhologicheskoie soderzhaniie leksikograficheskikh znachenii slova ‘igrivyi’ (podgotovitelnyi etap psikholingvisticheskogo eksperimenta) [The psychological content of lexicographic meanings of the word ‘playful’ (preparatory stage of the psycholinguistic experiment)]’. Problemy suchasnoi pedahohichnoi osvity [Problems of Modern Pedagogical Education] 46 (III), pp. 298−306 [in Russian].
Gordienko-Mytrofanova, I. V. (2014c). ‘Psikhologicheskaia interpretatsiia leksikograficheskogo opisaniia slova ‘igrivyi’ [Psychological interpretation of the lexicographic description of the word ‘playful’]’. Problemy suchasnoi psykholohii [Problems of modern psychology] 25, pp. 83−98 [in Russian].
Gordienko-Mytrofanova, I. & Kobzieva, Iu. (2017a). ‘Playful competence: the access code to the inner resources’. Proceedings of the 15th European Congress of Psychology, July 11-14, 2017 (p. 19). Amsterdam, Netherlands.
Gordienko-Mytrofanova, I. & Kobzieva, Iu. (2017b). ‘Humour as a component of ludic competence’. Visnyk of H.S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University, Psychology 57, pp. 40−56.
Gordienko-Mytrofanova, I. & Kobzieva, Iu. (2018). ‘Concept ‘holy fool’ in the linguistic world-image of the Russian-speaking population of Ukraine’. Psycholinguistics 24 (1), pp. 118–133. https://doi.org/10.31470/2309-1797-2018-24-1-118-133
Gordienko-Mytrofanova, I. & Kobzieva, Iu. (2019). ‘Gender- and role-specific differences in the perception of the concept ‘impishness’ (based on the results of a psycholinguistic experiment)’. Psycholinguistics 25 (1), pp. 33–48. https://doi.org/10.31470/2309-1797-2019-25-1-33-48
Gordiienko-Mytrofanova, I., Kobzieva, I. & Sauta, S. (2019). ‘Psycholinguistic meanings of playfulness’. East European Journal of Psycholinguistics 6 (1), pp. 19–31. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3371627.
Gordienko-Mytrofanova, I., Kobzieva, Iu. & Silina, A. (2018a). ‘Psycholinguistic Meanings of the Verbalized Concept ‘Holy Fool’ (based on the results of the psycholinguistic experiment)’. Vіsnyk of H.S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University, Psychology 59, pp. 18−34. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2527863
Gordienko-Mitrofanova, I. & Pashhenko, S. (2017). ‘Zdorovoie chuvstvo yumora psihoterapevta ili terapevticheskii yumor [Healthy psychotherapist’s sense of humour or therapeutic humour]’. Metaforizaciia i transkulturnyi podhod v konsultacii i psihoterapii: sbornik nauchnyh statei [Metaphorization and transcultural approach to counseling and psychotherapy: a collection of scientific articles] 32. International Higher School of Practical Psychology. Riga: Nash Dom, pp. 26−32.
Gordiienko-Mytrofanova, I., Pidchasov, Ye., Sauta, S. & Kobzieva, Iu. (2018b). ‘The problem of sample representativeness for conducting experimental and broad psychological research’. Psycholinguistics 23 (1), pp. 11–46. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1212360
Gordienko-Mytrofanova, I. & Sauta, S. (2016a). ‘Playfulness as a peculiar expression of sexual relationships (semantic interpretation of the results of the psycholinguistic experiment)’. European Humanities Studies: State and Society 1, pp. 46–62. Retrieved from http://ehs-ss.pl/czasopismo/EHS-SS-01-2016.pdf
Gordienko-Mytrofanova, I. & Sauta, S. (2016b). ‘Lexeme ‘playfulness’ in the reality of linguistic consciousness and in the mainstream research in psychology’. Proceedings of the 11th International Congress of ISAPL. Tbilisi, 27-30 June 2016, Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University (Georgia).
Gordienko-Mytrofanova, I. & Sauta, S. (2016c). ‘Igrivost yazykovogo soznaniia [The playfulness of linguistic consciousness]’. International Congress ‘The Active mind: from humanitarian methodology to humanitarian practices’, dedicated to the 80th anniversary of A.A. Leontiev, Moscow, May 23-26, 2016.
Gordienko-Mytrofanova, I. & Sypko, A. (2015). ‘Playfulness as a relevant lexeme in the bilingual linguistic consciousness of Ukrainian people’. East European Journal of Psycholinguistics, 2(1), pp. 43–51. Retrieved from http://esnuir.eenu.edu.ua/bitstream/123456789/9355/1/eejpl_journal_2_1_2015_sypko_hordiyenko_mytrofanova.pdf
Groos, K. (1976). The play of man: Teasing and love-play. In J. Brunner, A. Jolly, & K. Sylva (Eds.), Play, development and evolution (pp. 62–83). Middlesex, United Kingdom: Penguin Books.
Guitard, P., Ferland, F. & Dutil, É. (2005). ‘Toward a better understanding of playfulness in adults’. OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health 25 (1), pp. 9–22. https://doi.org/10.1177/153944920502500103
Jean Paul (1981). Prigotovitelnaia Shkola Estetiki [Preschool of Aesthetics]: Translation from German by A.V. Mikhailova. Moscow: Iskusstvo [in Russian].
Jiang, F., Yue, X. & Lu, S. (2011). ‘Different attitudes towards humor between Chinese and American students: Evidence from the Implicit Association Test. Psychological Reports 109, pp. 99–107.
Karaulov, Yu., Cherkasova, G., Ufimtseva, N., Sorokin, Yu. & Tarasov, Ye. (2002a). Russkii Assotsiativnyi Slovar [Russian Associative Vocabulary], Vol. 1. Ot reaktsii k stimulu [From Reaction to Stimulus], ca. 100000 reactions. Мoscow: LLC Astrel Publishers; LLC AST Publishers [in Russian].
Karaulov, Yu., Cherkasova, G., Ufimtseva, N., Sorokin, Yu. & Tarasov, Ye. (2002b). Russkii Assotsiativnyi Slovar [Russian Associative Vocabulary], Vol. 2. Otstimula k reaktsii [From Stimulus to Reaction], ca. 7000 stimuli. Мoscow: LLC Astrel Publishers; LLC AST Publishers [in Russian].
Kvasnyk, H. (2013). ‘Subyektivnyi obraz yumora: diagnosticheskiie vozmozhnosti tekhniki repertuarnykh reshetok [Subjective image of humor: diagnostic capabilities of repertory grid techniques]’. Severo-Kavkazskii psikhologicheskii vestnik 11 (3), pp. 9−12 [in Russian].
Kvasnyk, H. (2014). ‘Doslidzhennia subiektyvnykh uiavlen pro humor asotsiatyvnym metodom [The research of subjective conception of humor with the associative method]’. Problems of modern psychology 23, pp. 215–226 [in Russian]. https://doi.org/10.32626/2227-6246.2014-23.%p
Martin, R. (2007). The Psychology of Humor: An Integrative Approach. USA: Elsevier Academic Press.
Ozhegov, S.I. & Shvedova, N.Yu. (1992). Tolkovyi slovar russkogo yazyka [Dictionary of Russian language]. Мoscow: Az [in Russian].
Provine, R. (2000). Laughter: A Scientific Investigation. New York: Penguin books.
Proyer, R. (2012). ‘Development and initial assessment of a short measure for adult playfulness: The SMAP’. Personality and Individual Differences 53 (8), pp. 989–994. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2012.07.018
Proyer, R. (2013). ‘The well-being of playful adults: adult playfulness, subjective well-being, physical well-being, and the pursuit of enjoyable activities’. The European Journal of Humour Research 1 (1), pp. 84−98.
Proyer, R. (2017). ‘A new structural model for the study of adult playfulness: Assessment and exploration of an understudied individual differences variable’. Personality and Individual Differences 108, pp. 113-122. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2016.12.011
Raven, J. (2001). The Conceptualisation of Competence. New York: Peter Lang Publishing, Inc.
Schaefer, C. & Greenberg, R. (1997). ‘Measurement of playfulness: a neglected therapist variable’. International Journal of Play Therapy 6 (2), pp. 21−31. https://doi.org/10.1037/h0089406
Shen, X. (2010). Adult playfulness as a personality trait: Its conceptualization, measurement, and relationship to psychological well-being. (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from Pennsylvania State University Library Catalog (OCLC No. 859524715).
Shen, X., Chick, G. & Zinn, H. (2014). ‘Playfulness in adulthood as a personality trait: a reconceptualization and a new measurement’. Journal of Leisure Research 46 (1), pp. 58−83. https://doi.org/10.1080/00222216.2014.11950313
Sternin, I.A., & Rudakova, A.V. (2011). Psikholingvisticheskoie znacheniie slova i yego opisaniie [Psycholinguistic meaning of the word and its description]. Voronezh: Lambert [in Russian].
Stoyanova, S. (2016). ‘A series of experiments on humour perception and memorization – a case of humour associations and remembering humorous stories’. The European Journal of Humour Research 4 (2), pp. 57–69. https://doi.org/10.7592/EJHR2016.4.2.stoyanova
Tsuji, Hit., Tsuji, Hei., Yamada, S., Natsuno, Y., Morita, Y., Mukoyama, Y., Hata, K. & Fujishima, Y. (1996). ‘Standardization of the Five Factor Personality Questionnaire: Factor structure’. International Journal of Psychology 31 (pp. 103-217). Proceedings of the XXVI International Congress of Psychology. August 16-21, 1996, Montreal, Canada.
Ufimtseva, N. (2009). ‘Obraz mira russkikh: sistemnost i soderzhaniie [Image of the world of Russians: the systemic characteristics and the content]’. Yazyk i kultura [Language and Culture], pp. 98–111 [in Russian].
Yarnal, C. & Qian, X. (2011). ‘Older-adult playfulness: an innovative construct and measurement for healthy aging research’. American Journal of Play 4(1), pp. 52−79. Retrieved from https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ985548.pdf
Yue, X., Leung, C. & Hiranandani, N. (2016). ‘Adult playfulness, humor styles, and subjective happiness’. Psychological Reports 119(3), pp. 630–640. https://doi.org/10.1177/0033294116662842