This article introduces the themes of the special issue. It offers a provisional working conception of “political humour.” It then notes some of the tendencies and challenges for scholarship on political humour, namely, that political humour interacts contingently and conditionally with intentions, contexts, and audiences. The individual articles of the special issue are briefly summarized, and some concluding lessons drawn.
Bakhtin, M. M. (2010a). The Dialogic Imagination: Four Essays. Austin: University of Texas Press.
Bakhtin, M. M. (2010b). Speech Genres and Other Late Essays. Austin: University of Texas Press.
Barthel, M. & Moy, P. (2017). ‘The media and the fostering of political (dis) trust’, in Kenski, K. & Jamieson, K. J. (eds), The Oxford Handbook of Political Communication. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 581-594.
Basu, S. (1999). ‘Dialogic ethics and the virtue of humor’. Journal of Political Philosophy 7 (4), pp. 378-403.
Baumgartner, J. C. & Lockerbie, B. (2018). ‘Maybe it is more than a joke: Satire, mobilisation, and political participation’. Social Science Quarterly 99 (3), pp. 1060-1074.
Becker, A. B. (2011). ‘Political humour as democratic relief? The effects of exposure to comedy and straight news on trust and efficacy’. Atlantic Journal of Communication 19 (5), pp. 235-250.
Becker, A. B. & Waisanen, D. J. (2017). ‘Laughing or learning with the chief executive? The impact of exposure to presidents’ jokes on message elaboration’. Humour 30 (1), pp. 23-41.
Becker, A. B. & Bode, L. (2018). ‘Satire as a source for learning? The differential impact of news versus satire exposure on net neutrality knowledge gain’. Information, Communication & Society 21 (4), pp. 612-625.
Billig, M. (2005). Laughter and Ridicule: Towards a Social Critique of Humour. London: Sage.
Boskin, J. (1990). ‘American political humour: Touchables and taboos’. International Political Science Review 11 (4), pp. 473-482.
Chen, H. T., Gan, C., & Sun, P. (2017). ‘How does political satire influence political participation? Examining the role of counter-and pro-attitudinal exposure, anger, and personal issue importance’. International Journal of Communication 11 (19), pp. 3011-3029.
Dagnes, A. (2012). A Conservative Walks into a Bar: The Politics of Political Humor. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Davis, J. M. (2018). (Ed.) Satire and Politics: The Interplay of Heritage and Practice. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Denton, R. E. & Voth, B. (2017). ‘De-mock-racy: Comic framing as political wrecking ball. In Denton Jr, R. E. & Voth, B. (eds), Social Fragmentation and the Decline of American Democracy, New York: Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 113-125.
Dodds, K. & Kirby, P. (2013). ‘It’s not a laughing matter: Critical geopolitics, humour and unlaughter’. Geopolitics 18 (1), pp. 45-59.
Foucault, M. (1970). The Order of Things: An Archaeology of the Human Sciences. New York: Pantheon.
Foucault, M. (1984). The Foucault Reader. New York: Pantheon.
Foucault, M. (2019). Power: The Essential Works of Michel Foucault 1954-1984. New York: Penguin.
Hariman, R. (2008). ‘Political parody and public culture’. Quarterly Journal of Speech 94 (3), pp. 247-272.
Higgie, R. (2017). ‘Public engagement, propaganda, or both? Attitudes toward politicians on political satire and comedy programs’. International Journal of Communication 11 (19), pp. 930-948.
Holm, N. (2017). Humour as Politics. New York: Palgrave.
Innocenti, B. & Miller, E. (2016). ‘The persuasive force of political humor’. Journal of Communication 66 (3), pp. 366-385.
Johansen, J. (1991). ‘Humour as a political force, or how to open the eyes of ordinary people in social democratic countries’. Philosophy and Social Action 17 (3-4), pp. 23-32.
Khan, A. (2017). Comedies of Nihilism: The Representation of Tragedy Onscreen. New York: Springer.
Krys, K., Xing, C., Zelenski, J. M., Capaldi, C. A., Lin, Z., & Wojciszke, B. (2017). ‘Punches or punchlines? Honor, face, and dignity cultures encourage different reactions to provocation’. Humor 30 (3), pp. 303-322.
Lee, H. & Jang, S. M. (2017). ‘Talking about what provokes us: Political satire, emotions, and interpersonal talk’. American Politics Research 45 (1), pp. 128-154.
Lichter, S. R. (2018). Politics is a Joke!: How TV Comedians are Remaking Political Life. New York: Routledge.
Lockyer, S. & Pickering, M. (eds.). (2005). Beyond a Joke: The Limits of Humour. New York: Springer.
McClennen, S. & Maisel, R. (2016). Is Satire Saving Our Nation? Mockery and American Politics. New York: Springer.
Meyer, J. C. (2000). ‘Humour as a double-edged sword: Four functions of humour in communication’. Communication Theory 10 (3), pp. 310-331.
Morreall, J. (1983). Taking Laughter Seriously. Albany: State University of New York.
Nilsen, D. L. (1990). ‘The social functions of political humor’. The Journal of Popular Culture 24 (3), pp. 35-47.
Paletz, D. L. (1990). ‘Political humour and authority: From support to subversion’. International Political Science Review 11 (4), pp. 483-493.
Pérez, R. (2017). ‘Racism without hatred? Racist humour and the myth of “colorblindness”’. Sociological Perspectives 60 (5), pp. 956-974.
Peifer, J. T. (2012). ‘Can we be funny? The social responsibility of political humor’. Journal of Mass Media Ethics 27 (4), pp. 263-276.
Smirnova, M. (2018). ‘Small hands, nasty women, and bad hombres: Hegemonic masculinity and humour in the 2016 presidential election’. Socius 4, pp. 1-16.
Smith, M. (2009). ‘Humor, unlaughter, and boundary maintenance’. Journal of American Folklore 122 (484), pp. 148-171.
Tsakona, V. & Popa, D. E. (eds.). (2011). Studies in Political Humour: In between Political Critique and Public Entertainment. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
Wallace, R. (2018). Mockumentary Comedy: Performing Authenticity. New York: Springer.
Waller, J. M. (2017). ‘Weaponizing Ridicule’. Military Review Sept-Oct, pp. 49-59.
Weaver, S. (2016). The Rhetoric of Racist Humour: US, UK and Global Race Joking. New York: Routledge.
Webb, R. G. (1981). ‘Political uses of humor’. ETC: A Review of General Semantics 38 (1), pp. 35-50.
Wilson, N. (2011). ‘Divisive comedy: A critical examination of audience power’. Participations: Journal of Audience and Reception Studies 8 (2), pp. 276-291.
Young, D. (2017). ‘Theories and effects of political humor: Discounting cues, gateways, and the impact of incongruities’, in Kenski, K. & Jamieson, K. J. (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Political Communication. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 871-885.
Zekavat, M. (2017). Satire, Humour and the Construction of Identities. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.